New office in Mississauga!

Mississauga Accountant

Mississauga Accountant


Your loyal support has helped us grow, and now we need more space to serve you better. It is with great pleasure to let you know that effective September 1st, 2016, we are relocating to a more comfortable and spacious area to accommodate our growth.

Our website, email, and telephones, will not change so you will not experience any changes or delays in service. We will answer phone calls and emails promptly during our move.
Please update your records with our new address information:

259 Traders Blvd E, Suite 10, Mississauga, ON, L4Z2E5

As a valued client we thank you for taking the time to update your records. We look forward to continuing to do business with you at our new location. Please feel free to contact us at 905-599-5040 with any questions.



Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) HST Audit

Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) HST Audit



Canada Revenue Agency CRA HST Audit

The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) frequently conducts HST audits and reviews to make sure Canadians are complying with the regulations. CRA HST Audits can also be referred to as GST Audits or GST/HST Audits. GST/HST audits focus on GST/HST filing errors and omissions. The CRA does have the right to examine records of the organization that are relevant to determining its tax liabilities.

What causes a CRA HST audit?

The CRA has a complex computer system that allows it to select returns to be audited by sorting them into various groups. There are four common ways the CRA selects files for audit:

  1. Computer-generated lists – In order to select specific returns for audit, the CRA often compares selected financial information for current and previous years of taxpayers engaged in similar businesses or occupations.
  2. Audit projects – The CRA often tests the compliance of a particular group of taxpayers, particularly if there is reason to believe that there is significant non-compliance within a group.
  3. Leads – Leads for audits often are the result of other audits or investigations, as well as information from outside sources.
  4. Secondary files – A business may be selected for audit if it is associated with another file that is being reviewed for audit, since the CRA often finds it convenient to look at all the records at the same time.

What is the CRA’s new approach?

The way the CRA conducts its audits has changed over the years. The CRA has switched from a combined audit approach to a detailed approach. In the past, most audits of smaller businesses have been done as combined audits – one audit covering both income tax and GST/HST. Combined audits have now been discontinued. Therefore, businesses are now subject to an income tax or GST/HST audit, leading the CRA to request more detailed information.

What can you do to prepare for a CRA HST audit?

Before you release any information to the CRA, make sure you seek professional advice. Once the information has been released the CRA can use it against you to assess penalties and interest. This requires you to be well prepared and know your rights as a business owner. In case of an audit remember the following:

  • Maintain good records: Organize the receipts and documentation to support your claims. You are required to keep your records and supporting documents and financial information for at least six years. Well-kept records will likely reduce the time required to complete the audit. some tips on good record keeping include:
    • Ensure you have copies of any GST/HST elections you have been relying on.
    • Ensure your documentation is neatly organized and in order. The CRA will likely request a copy of your electronic books and records.
    • If you have a combination of exempt and taxable supplies, ensure your ITC allocation methodology is documented and explained.
  • Be knowledgeable: Before the auditor begins the audit, confirm what taxation years are under review and what records he or she will require. This will ensure you have the required information ready for the auditor upon arrival.
  • Know your rights: Don’t give the auditor full accessibility to your files. Understand your rights as a taxpayer and exercise them when necessary.
  • Understand the information you are providing: Carefully review all information provided to the CRA and ensure that you are not providing more information than required.
  • Be courteous and professional: It is important to cooperate with the CRA and provide them with the information they request. However, always remember your rights as a business owner. Responding promptly and professionally to all correspondence received from the CRA may help complete the process faster and smoother.

A CRA audit can be time consuming and costly when you don’t have the right resources. For assistance, contact Cheema CPA Prof. Corp. and we will work with you through this process.

What are your rights GST/HST CRA audit?

Your rights are outlined in the Taxpayer Bill of Rights, which states the 16 rights that apply to all taxpayers and registrants. This video, will mention three of the 16 rights that we want to highlight for you as you go through the audit process.


  • Right number three says you have the right to privacy and confidentiality. Auditors must respect the confidentiality of tax information and are obliged to take safeguards to protect your information.
  • Right number five says you have the right to be treated professionally, courteously, and fairly. You should expect this treatment from an auditor.
  • And right number six says you have the right to complete, accurate, clear, and timely information. You should expect to be kept informed throughout the audit.

If you need to learn more about your rights as a taxpayer please refer to the Taxpayer Bill of Rights. 

Who can help during a GST/HST CRA audit?

Having the right team of professionals handling your HST audit is the key to success. As a taxpayer and a business owner you have rights. Before you release any information to the CRA make sure you seek professional advice. Once the information has been released, the CRA can use it against you to assess penalties and interest. Our firm is specialized in CRA HST Audits and Reviews. We can help you achieve a favorable result. Our team of lawyers and tax accountants can professionally handle your CRA HST Audit or Review.

Brampton Accountant: 2015 Income Tax Checklist

Brampton Accountant: 2015 Income Tax Checklist

Brampton Accountant: 2015 Income Tax Checklist. Cheema CPA Professional Corporation is a Chartered Professional Accountant firm located in Brampton, Ontario. We provide professional tax and accounting services. Each year we put together a checklist to help our clients assemble all the information required for personal taxes. This checklist will help you get more organized and help us minimize your taxes. To download: Tax Checklist.

General Items

  • A copy of last year’s return
  • 2009 Notice of Assessment
  • Other years reassessments
  • Details of changes to your personal status such as dates of marriage, separation, divorce or widowed, births and deaths
  • Note consenting to provide your income tax information to Elections Canada
  • Installment payments
  • Details of foreign property holdings (if any*) including cost of property held


  • Universal child care benefit (RC62)
  • Employment income (T4)
  • Pension income (T4A, T4A(P), T4RIF, T4RSP)
  • US social security
  • Old age security (T4OAS)
  • Investment income (T5)
  • Income from trusts such as mutual fund investments (T3)
  • Income from employment insurance (T4E)
  • Income from partnerships (T5013)
  • Workers compensation/social assistance payments (T5007)
  • Details of the sale of securities such as stocks and bonds (eg. trading summary from your broker)
  • Income from foreign investments
  • Spousal support payments received

Deductions General

  • RRSP contributions
  • Medical, dental, prescription drugs, nursing home expenses
  • Payments to a private health insurance plan
  • Charitable donations
  • Tuition fees/education amount (T2202A) for yourself or transferred from a dependent such as a child or grandchild
  • Interest paid on student loans c Professional dues, union dues c Public transit passes
  • Childrens participation in programs related to physical activity
  • Interest on loans assumed to purchase investments
  • Safety deposit box fees
  • Professional consultant fees
  • Legal fees paid to establish child or spousal support or to enforce a pre-existing agreement
  • Legal fees paid to recover wages from your employer
  • Details of people you support and their medical status
  • Child care receipts (for camp, list dates attended)
  • Moving expenses if you moved 40km or closer to work or school
  • Property taxes or residential rent paid and to whom
  • Political contributions receipts
  • Disability tax credit claim form completed by authorized health practitioner (T2201)
  • Spousal support payments paid
  • Adoption expenses

Deductions Employees

  • Declaration of conditions of employment form (T2200)
  • Details of expenses not reimbursed by your employer including travel expenses (eg. parking, taxis, bus fare), supplies and assistant salaries
  • Office rent if required as a condition of employment
  • Home office expenses if it is your principal workplace or used exclusively, on
  • a regular or continuous basis for activities such as business-related meetings; include details of rent paid, repairs and maintenance costs, utilities and if you are
  • a commissioned salesperson also property taxes and home insurance. Also indicate the total area of your home and the area used for your work-space
  • If you are a commissioned sales-person, details supporting advertising expenses, promotion, meals and entertainment
  • Motor vehicle expenses

Deductions Motor Vehicles

  • Total kilometers driven and kilometers driven just for work
  • Details of total expenses incurred for gas, maintenance and repairs, insurance, license and registration, loan interest and lease payments
  • New vehicle, purchase invoice/agreement

Unincorporated Businesses

  • Total sales revenue for the year
  • Total expenses listed by category for the year
  • Capital assets acquired (eg. computers and peripherals, furniture and equipment)
  • Home office expenses include details of rent paid or if you own your home, details of repairs and maintenance, utilities, property taxes, insurance, mortgage interest
  • Motor vehicle expenses

Unincorporated Businesses

  • Total sales revenue for the year
  • Total expenses listed by category for the year
  • Capital assets acquired (eg. computers and peripherals, furniture and equipment)
  • Home office expenses include details of rent paid or if you own your home, details of repairs and maintenance, utilities, property taxes, insurance, mortgage interest
  • Motor vehicle expenses

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How to setup a Sole Proprietorship in Ontario, Canada?



 How to setup a Sole Proprietorship in Ontario, Canada?

Sole proprietorship, also known as a proprietorship or a sole business, is a type of business that is owned and operated by a single individual. Other individuals do not participate or own the business. This is the most simplest form of operating a business.

A sole proprietorship is simple to setup, you can operate the business under your personal name. If you desire to use an operating name you are able to register a Master Business License and operate under an operating name. The requirements for setting up a sole proprietorship are outlined in the provincial legislation.

The shortfall with a proprietorship is that the sole proprietor is personally liable for the business. There is no legal separation between the business and its owner. This creates unlimited liability from creditors and other business debts.

Key Features of a Sole Proprietorship:

  •  You can establish a sole proprietorship easily and instantly
  • Inexpensive to setup
  • Income and expenses reported on your personal tax return
  • You can mix business and personal assets

What are the setup cost?
The setup costs are relatively low. To Register a Master Business License online the government fee is $60. There are additional fees for name search and enhanced business name search.

How is a sole proprietorship taxed?
A proprietorship is not a separate legal entity and is taxed based on the proprietors personal income. A separate tax return is not required. The income or losses of the proprietorship will be taxed at the applicable marginal rate of the individual. If the business is profitable this may put you in a higher tax bracket.

There is no need to obtain a CRA business number for a sole proprietorship. However, in certain circumstances you will be required to register a HST number. If you have employees you will be required to register a payroll number. All of which can be done over the phone by calling the CRA business line.

The income and expenses from the sole proprietorship can be reported on your T1 Personal Income Tax return on the T2125 Statement of Business Activities form. You will be required to keep all your receipts for income tax purposes.


 Our accounting firm is located in Mississauga and Brampton

We have offices in Mississauga and Brampton. Contact our firm to setup a sole proprietorship. We can help you understand the tax and accounting obligations of s a sole proprietorship.

Income Splitting Family Tax Cut


Mississauga Accountant

Save Taxes

How the Family Tax Cut actually work?

The Canadian tax system taxes individuals and families based on there marginal tax rate. The more money you make the more tax you pay. As a result, when one person in a family has all the income, they end-up paying more tax than if the income was split amongst the couple. As an example, if the husband has $100,000 taxable income and the wife has zero taxable income, they would end up paying more tax than if they each had $50,000 taxable income. This is where the Income Splitting Family Tax Cut comes in and transfers part of the income to the lower income spouse.

The Family Tax Cut allows a spouse to transfer up to $50,000 of taxable income to a spouse in a lower income tax bracket, providing tax relief up to a maximum of $2,000. To qualify for this tax credit the both partners have to complete their tax return at the same time. This credit is effective for the 2014 tax year and subsequent tax years after.

Who can apply for the income splitting Family Tax Cut in 2014? 

  • You are a resident of Canada on December 31, 2014
  • You have an eligible spouse or common-law partner for 2014 and they have not claimed the Family Tax Cut;
  • You have a child who is under 18 at the end of 2014, who ordinarily lives with you throughout the year
  • You were not confined to a prison or similar institution for a period of at least 90 days during the year;
  • Neither you nor your eligible spouse became bankrupt in the year;
  • Neither you nor your eligible spouse elected to split eligible pension income in the year; and
  • Both you and your eligible spouse file an income tax and benefit return for the year.

 Can the credit be split?

The Family Tax Cut can not be split and has to be claimed by one spouse.

 How to apply?

The credit can be claimed on your T1 personal income tax return on Schedule 1-A and enter the calculated amount on line 423 of the Schedule 1.

Cheema CPA Professional Corporation
Contact Cheema Chartered Professional Accountants for your 2014 personal & corporate tax needs. We optimize every tax return and will automatically consider your family for the income splitting family tax cut credit. Book an appointment now using our web-app:

Personal Income Tax Returns–> We have expertise in preparing taxes for:

Individuals Executives Pension Income-Splitting
Families Employee Expenses Late filed returns
Self Employed Investment Income Investment portfolios
Rental Properties Capital Gains/Losses Non-Resident

Corporate Tax Returns–> We have expertise in preparing taxes for:

Corporation Tax Returns Accounting and Bookkeeping Late Filed Returns
Corporation Tax Planning Financial Statements  Sales Tax Returns (HST/GST/QST/PST)
Notice To Reader Reports Payroll filings (T4, T5) CRA Audit & Appeals
Have a Question?
Ask your tax questions on our online questions forum.

CRA sued for $32-million – result of multiple CRA audits

Canada Revenue Agency

Canada Revenue Agency sued for $32-million

CRA sued for $32-million – result of multiple CRA audits

Cardel Construction a real estate developer has initiated a lawsuit against the Canada Revenue Agency and is seeking $32 million in damages. CRA audited the books of Cardel and assessed $219-million in taxes, which equates to 150% of the corporate and personal income. The shareholders claim this to be a intimidation threat and have launched this lawsuit in return. Read more about the lawsuit directly on BNN.

Capital Losses vs Non-Capital Losses

Capital Losses vs Non-Capital Losses

Capital Losses vs Non-Capital Losses

 Capital Losses Vs. Non-Capital Losses

 Capital Loss

A capital loss arises when you sell a capital property you own for less than its adjusted cost base. A capital loss can be carried back three years and forward indefinitely. The inclusion rate for a capital loss is as follows:

Year Inclusion Percentage
Before 1988 50%
1988 and 1989 67%
1990 to 1999 75%
Jan 1 to Feb 27, 2000 75%
Feb 28 to Oct 16, 2000 67%
Oct 17 to Dec 31, 2000 50%
2001 to present 50%

Non-Capital Loss (Business loss)

A non-capital loss arises when you incur  any loss from employment, property or a business. The carry-forward periods are:

Year of Loss Carry Forward Period Carry Back Period
Taxation years ending March 22, 2004 7 Years 3 Years
Taxation years ending after March 22, 2004 10 Years 3 Years
Taxation years ending after 2005 20 Years 3 Years

Capital Losses vs. Business Losses 

A capital loss can only be applied to reduce a capital gain. However, a business loss has more flexibility and it can be applied to reduce a capital gain or other income. In the case of Mr. Prochuk vs. Queen he tried to argue his losses were business losses and could be used to reduce other income. Mr. Prochuk was not successful in arguing his claim because he did not meet the criteria for a business loss. Mr. Prochuk was an engineer turned investor, he should have considered the following seven factors to determine if his losses were capital or non-capital.

The factors to be considered for a investment transaction to determine the type of loss:

  1. The number of transactions
  2. The intention of the purchaser when buying the securities
  3. The length of time that the securities are held
  4. The quality of the securities
  5. The time devoted to stock market transactions
  6. The extent of borrowing
  7. The taxpayer’s expertise or special knowledge in the securities market

The court concluded that Mr. Prochuk had acquired his investment for a long-term and was a passive investor, therefore his losses would be capital losses not business losses.

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 Cheema & Associate CPA Professional Corporation is an accounting firm located in Brampton, Ontario. Serving the needs of Small Business Owners & Entrepreneurs. Contact us for Tax Help, Personal Tax, Corporate Tax, Year End Financials, Accounting & Estate Taxes.  

Small Business Tax Tips

Small Business Tax

Small Business Tax

 Small Business Tax Tips

A small business owner faces many struggles everyday just to stay in business. The reporting requirements and red tape continues to grow each and every year. At the end of the year, its tax time; the time of the year every small business owner dislikes. Sorting out books and records and paying the government always gets in the way of running your business. However, year end does force us to clean-up the books and get a grasp of the revenues and expenses. The following small business tax tips will help every small business owner prepare and overcome the tax challenges.

  • Competent tax advice
    There is nobody else that will understand your business better than you. However, when it comes to taxes it may not be your specialty. Getting competent tax advice from a qualified professional can make a big difference to your business. Find the right tax accountant for your business that will guide you and help you overcome tax challenges.
  • Do the math
    Understanding the finances of your business is very important. This would require you to do the math and keep all the records up to date. This will give you a snap shot of exactly how your business is performing month to month.
  • Pay your taxes on time
    There are steep penalties and interest applied by the CRA on late filings. Paying taxes on time will help reduce penalties & interest. Late filings will also tie you up with more paperwork and increased accountant fees. Paying taxes and other liabilities on time will help build trust and a good reputation for your business.
  • Log your travel
    Business owners are always on the go and traveling to generate income. Keeping a log of your travels can help generate tax deductions for your business.
  • Use government tax credits
    The federal and provincial government offers many tax credits and tax deductions to small business owners. It’s important to speak with your accountant to utilize them. There are deductions available for home office and personal car used for the business and even hiring a student.
  • Incorporating your small business 
    Incorporating your business can have legal and tax benefits. By incorporating your business, owners can take advantage of the tax credits such as the Small Business Deduction which brings the tax rate to 15.5% in Ontario. It’s important to speak to your accountant and lawyer regarding this.
  • Income splitting with family members
    Splitting income by legally employing family members can help reduce the tax rate. 

Work closely with your accountant and financial planners to overcome the year end tax challenges. Engage your accountant in advance so they have time to make a plan of action and implement strategies.

 For more small business tax tips on incorporating read our article How to setup a business?
For more small business tax tips on tax rates read our article on Income Tax Rates.

Tax Preparer

Tax Preparer

Tax Preparer

  Preparing Your Tax Return

Preparing your tax return can be a complicated process with all the different tax credits available to taxpayers. Tax laws continuously change and it has made it difficult for tax payers to keep up with these changes. At our firm we continuously attend CRA seminars and tax conferences to enhance our knowledge. This has allows our firm to deliver direct quality to our valued clients. We have licensed tax prepares who will professionally prepare your tax returns. Our accounting firm is located in Brampton, Ontario and services clients from Oakville, Mississauga, and Toronto. Contact our firm for all your tax preparation needs. We go the extra mile and optimize all tax returns to ensure you get the maximum refund possible.

Download our 2014/2015 Personal Tax Checklist:


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Helpful Resources:

  • If you have decided not to use a tax preparer this year for your taxes you should definitely visit all about your tax return to help you prepare  your return accurately
  • Students: are you moving to attend school? Buying textbooks? Paying tuition or student loan interest? Paying for child care? You could be eligible for a tax refund! Read about what you can include in your tax return if you are a student or recent graduate.
  • Canada Revenue Agency’s My Account connects you to your personal tax and benefits information 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and allows you to check for your tax refund, check your Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) limit, track your GST/HST payments and change your address.

  Visit our Tax Centre for more helpful resources: 

Our Office Location:

Cheema & Associate CPA Professional Corporation is an accounting firm located in Brampton, Ontario at the main intersection of Kennedy Rd S and Clarence St. Our office address is 143 Clarence st. Suite 5, Brampton ON L6W 1T2.

Book An Appointment:

Book an appointment now using our online booking app.

CRA Audit of Moving Expenses


CRA Audits Moving Expenses

CRA Audits Moving Expenses

CRA audit of moving expenses

The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) allows taxpayers to deduct moving expenses if they move closer to work or school. To qualify, the new residence should be at least 40 kilometers closer to work or school (measured by the shortest usual public route).

In the case of Trudy Hauser (Taxpayer) vs. Her Majesty The Queen (The Crown), the CRA audited the moving expenses of the taxpayer.  The main argument became how each of the parties were measuring the distance between the old home and the new place of work. The Crown had measured the distance using an urban route, which was the shortest distance. The Taxpayer had measured the distance using a rural route, which was the fastest route. The Taxpayer had indicated that the urban route was inefficient because of the construction on the route.

Despite the Taxpayers testimony and evidence The Tax Court sided with the Canada Revenue Agency and concluded that the urban route is the most appropriate route to measure the distance between the new place of work and the old home.

Read more about Trudy Hauser  case – CRA Audit of Moving Expenses below:

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Audit & Appeal

Our team is dedicated to assist you in all your CRA appeals. We make sure that your company’s tax audit is handled smoothly and efficiently. We can assist you with the tax audit process starting from the information gathering stage to negotiation with the tax authorities. We can also help in negotiating payments and even apply for interest or penalty relief.