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Teachers School Supply Tax Credit

School Supply Tax Credit for Teachers

Teachers School Supply Tax Credit

Prime Minster Justin Trudeau’s proposal to teachers will be rolled out in 2016. Teachers who dip into their own wallets to buy school supplies are finally being offered an extra token of support.

The 2016 budget has introduced a new teachers School Supply Tax Credit for the cost of educational supplies. The credit is available to teachers and early childhood educators who incur the cost of supplies for the purpose of teaching or otherwise enhancing students’ learning in the classroom or learning environment. This new credit will allow an employee who is an “eligible educator” to claim a 15% refundable tax credit based on up to $1,000 in expenditures made by the teacher for “eligible supplies.” The credit would be worth $150 which is 15 percent of $1,000.

Teachers will qualify as eligible educators if they hold a teacher’s certificate that is valid in the province or territory in which they are employed. Similarly, early childhood educators must hold a certificate or diploma in early childhood education.

The list of allowable school supplies includes items like:

  • Bulletin board decorative items, such as borders and illustrations;
  • Construction paper and Bristol board for activities, flashcards, or activity centres;
  • Posters with instructions, such as punctuation rules or chemistry formulas;
  • Items for science experiments, such as seeds, vegetables, fruits, potting soil, milk, vinegar, coffee stir sticks, straws, spaghetti for building structures, etc.;
  • Specialized art supplies;
  • Games and puzzles;
  • Supplementary books (novels, non-fiction, and reference) for classrooms;
  • Supplementary technology for classrooms, such as tablets, laptops, graphing calculators, and projectors;
  • Stickers and motivational items;
  • Support software for teaching and learning purposes; and
  • Containers, such as plastic boxes or banker boxes for themes and kits.

Teachers must keep receipts to claim the tax credit.

To read more about the Teachers School Supply Tax Credit visits the Liberal website.

2016 Income Tax Deadlines

Important dates for 2016 (Individuals)

2016 Income Tax Deadline

2016 Income Tax Deadline

Individuals should make note of the below key dates impacting 2016 tax season:

2016 Income Tax Deadlines

Generally, your return for 2015 has to be filed on or before April 30, 2016. Since April 30, 2016 falls on a Saturday, individuals have until Monday May 2, 2016 to file.

Balance owing

Your balance is due no later than April 30, 2016. When a due date falls on a Saturday, a Sunday, or a holiday recognized by the CRA, your payment is considered to be made on time if it is received or it is postmarked on the next business day.

Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP)

Deadline to contribute to an RRSP for the 2015 tax year is February 29, 2016.

GST/HST credit payments

If you qualify for GST/HST credit, the payments are generally issued on the 5th day of each quarter.

  • GST/HST credit payment dates
    • July 3, 2015
    • October 5, 2015
    • January 5, 2016
    • April 3, 2016
RESP contributions, 2016 charitable contributions and 2016 TFSA contributions

Deadline for RESP contributions, 2016 charitable contributions and 2016 TFSA contributions is December 31, 2016.


For more dates and other information visit the CRA website. For more information on the above dates that may impact you, contact Cheema CPA Professional Corporation. We are a Brampton and Mississauga based accounting firm. We can help you prepare your 2015 income taxes. Contact us for all your 2015 income tax and accounting needs. 


 

Brampton Accountant: 2015 Income Tax Checklist

Brampton Accountant: 2015 Income Tax Checklist

Brampton Accountant: 2015 Income Tax Checklist. Cheema CPA Professional Corporation is a Chartered Professional Accountant firm located in Brampton, Ontario. We provide professional tax and accounting services. Each year we put together a checklist to help our clients assemble all the information required for personal taxes. This checklist will help you get more organized and help us minimize your taxes. To download: Tax Checklist.

General Items

  • A copy of last year’s return
  • 2009 Notice of Assessment
  • Other years reassessments
  • Details of changes to your personal status such as dates of marriage, separation, divorce or widowed, births and deaths
  • Note consenting to provide your income tax information to Elections Canada
  • Installment payments
  • Details of foreign property holdings (if any*) including cost of property held

Income

  • Universal child care benefit (RC62)
  • Employment income (T4)
  • Pension income (T4A, T4A(P), T4RIF, T4RSP)
  • US social security
  • Old age security (T4OAS)
  • Investment income (T5)
  • Income from trusts such as mutual fund investments (T3)
  • Income from employment insurance (T4E)
  • Income from partnerships (T5013)
  • Workers compensation/social assistance payments (T5007)
  • Details of the sale of securities such as stocks and bonds (eg. trading summary from your broker)
  • Income from foreign investments
  • Spousal support payments received

Deductions General

  • RRSP contributions
  • Medical, dental, prescription drugs, nursing home expenses
  • Payments to a private health insurance plan
  • Charitable donations
  • Tuition fees/education amount (T2202A) for yourself or transferred from a dependent such as a child or grandchild
  • Interest paid on student loans c Professional dues, union dues c Public transit passes
  • Childrens participation in programs related to physical activity
  • Interest on loans assumed to purchase investments
  • Safety deposit box fees
  • Professional consultant fees
  • Legal fees paid to establish child or spousal support or to enforce a pre-existing agreement
  • Legal fees paid to recover wages from your employer
  • Details of people you support and their medical status
  • Child care receipts (for camp, list dates attended)
  • Moving expenses if you moved 40km or closer to work or school
  • Property taxes or residential rent paid and to whom
  • Political contributions receipts
  • Disability tax credit claim form completed by authorized health practitioner (T2201)
  • Spousal support payments paid
  • Adoption expenses

Deductions Employees

  • Declaration of conditions of employment form (T2200)
  • Details of expenses not reimbursed by your employer including travel expenses (eg. parking, taxis, bus fare), supplies and assistant salaries
  • Office rent if required as a condition of employment
  • Home office expenses if it is your principal workplace or used exclusively, on
  • a regular or continuous basis for activities such as business-related meetings; include details of rent paid, repairs and maintenance costs, utilities and if you are
  • a commissioned salesperson also property taxes and home insurance. Also indicate the total area of your home and the area used for your work-space
  • If you are a commissioned sales-person, details supporting advertising expenses, promotion, meals and entertainment
  • Motor vehicle expenses

Deductions Motor Vehicles

  • Total kilometers driven and kilometers driven just for work
  • Details of total expenses incurred for gas, maintenance and repairs, insurance, license and registration, loan interest and lease payments
  • New vehicle, purchase invoice/agreement

Unincorporated Businesses

  • Total sales revenue for the year
  • Total expenses listed by category for the year
  • Capital assets acquired (eg. computers and peripherals, furniture and equipment)
  • Home office expenses include details of rent paid or if you own your home, details of repairs and maintenance, utilities, property taxes, insurance, mortgage interest
  • Motor vehicle expenses

Unincorporated Businesses

  • Total sales revenue for the year
  • Total expenses listed by category for the year
  • Capital assets acquired (eg. computers and peripherals, furniture and equipment)
  • Home office expenses include details of rent paid or if you own your home, details of repairs and maintenance, utilities, property taxes, insurance, mortgage interest
  • Motor vehicle expenses

Download (PDF, 30KB)

2015 INCOME TAX

2015 INCOME TAX

 

Foreign Income Reporting T1135: Tax Accountant

Foreign Income Reporting T1135: Tax Accountant

T1135 Foreign Income Reporting

T1135 Foreign Income Reporting

 

Canadians that have accumulated wealth in other parts of the world need to be aware of the Canadian reporting requirements. If you are a Canadian resident you are required to report foreign assets which have a cost value of over $100,000. On a personal income tax return you must answer “Did you own or hold foreign property at any time in the year with a total cost of more than $100,000 Canadian?” If the answer is yes to this question, then you would be required to file the T1135. Over the past few years the foreign reporting requirements have changed which are outlined on the newly redesigned T1135 (Foreign income Verification Statement) tax forms.

Where to disclose my foreign assets?

Canadian resident taxpayers are required to file T1135, with their T1 personal income tax return if at any time in the year the total foreign property they hold was more than $100,000 (Canadian). The CRA will impose hefty penalties if this form is not filed. For 2014, taxpayers can file form T1135 electronically, but corporations must still file a paper version of the form.

Examples of foreign property that needs to be disclosed?

Cash, stocks, bonds, land and buildings which are located outside Canada. Other foreign property that would be disclosed on the T1135:

  • Funds held in foreign bank accounts
  • Shares of foreign corporations, foreign mutual funds
  • Foreign investments
  • Interest in foreign insurance policy

For the full list refer to the T1135 form.

Examples of foreign property that does not needs to be disclosed?

You are not required to report personal properties such as art, jewelry, or vacation properties that you use primarily for personal use. Also you are not required to report a personal residence, or property exclusively related to your active business.

Penalties for not reporting foreign income? 

The Canada Revenue Agency imposes hefty penalties for not reporting foreign assets over $100,000. The current penalty is $25 a day to a maximum of $2,500 per year. The foreign reporting requirement was implemented back in 1998. To avoid the penalties this reporting can be made through the Voluntary Disclosure Program (VDP). 

Download Foreign Income Reporting T1135: Tax Accountant

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Cheema CPA Professional Corporation – Chartered Professional Accountants  is an accounting firm located in Brampton, Ontario. We can professionally prepare pare your personal income taxes and make sure that your foreign income is reported correctly on the T1135. We can help file the T1135 for past years and for over due returns. We can help reduce the penalties and interest by using the Voluntary Disclosure Program.

GST/HST Rates Across Canada

Canadian Provincial Tax Map 2015

GST HST Rates Across Canada

 GST/HST Rates Across Canada

With eCommerce more and more businesses are selling goods and services across Canada. This has resulted in confusion on which sales tax rates apply. Majority of Canadian businesses must collect sales taxes from customers and remit them to the government. Depending on the province your business operates in, the rates are different.

Based on the province or territory in which your business operates in, you need to collect either:

  • A combination of GST and PST
  • GST only
  • HST

 What sales tax should I charge my customer in another province?

Generally speaking the sale tax you charge your customer depends on where the supply of the goods or services is made. If a business in Alberta sends products to a business in Ontario, the place of supply is Ontario and you will be charging your customer the HST at the rate for Ontario.

GST/HST sales tax rates that apply in Canada by province:

Province Type PST GST HST Total Tax Rate
(%) (%) (%) (%)
Alberta GST 5 5
British Columbia GST+PST 7 5 12
Manitoba GST+PST 8 5 13
New Brunswick HST 13 13
Newfoundland and Labrador HST 13 13
Northwest Territories GST 5 5
Nova Scotia HST 15 15
Nunavut GST 5 5
Ontario HST 13 13
Prince Edward Island HST 14 14
Quebec GST+QST *9.975 5 14.975
Saskatchewan GST+PST 5 5 10
Yukon GST 5 5

 

 

What sales tax should I charge my customer in another Country?

If you sell good outside of Canada this is considered a zero-rated supply and you do not charge your customers GST or HST. However, if the goods are picked up from Canada then the supply is made in Canada and you are required to charge GST/HST depending on your respective province.

How to calculate GST/HST?

Example 1: In Alberta, where only GST applies and you sold a $100 item.

Retail price: $100
GST (5%): $5
Total: $105

Example 2: In Ontario, where HST applies and you sold a $100 item.

Retail price: $100
HST (13%): $13
Total: $113

Example 3: In Manitoba and Saskatchewan, PST, like GST, is calculated on the retail price only. The two taxes are then added to the retail price for your total. For example, in Manitoba:

Retail price: $100
GST (5%): $5
PST (7%): $7
Total: $112

 Visit the CRA website for more information 

Importance of Bookkeeping

bookkeeping

 Importance of Bookkeeping

What is bookkeeping?

Bookkeeping is the process of recording all the financial transactions and events that occur in your business. Purchases, sales, receipts, and payments are all organized in chronological order and accurately recorded so that all the money that flows in and out of your business is accounted for. These records can be kept in designated books or in computer bookkeeping software.

Why is bookkeeping important?

Accurate bookkeeping is critical to the success of a business. It allows the business to see whether its earnings are enough to cover its expenses.  It provides guidance on the financial decisions.

Proper bookkeeping is also important for investing and financing activities. If the business is looking for bank financing, the bank will require financial records that support a healthy business. This type of financial data is achieved through organized and accurate bookkeeping.

Proper record keeping will also keep the CRA away. Discrepancies in your records will end up in faulty tax returns, which will send the CRA knocking at your door for an audit. Bookkeeping also assists with daily business management. By recording day-to-day financial details you can keep track of data, such as which customers owe you money and how much.

What are my options?

The most common software out there are Intuit QuickBooks or Sage Simply Accounting. Small business owners can do their own bookkeeping or use an accounting firm. Contact our firm for your small business needs. We can help you implement and maintain an accounting system.

Intuit QuickBooks has several different options at different price points. Visit the online store for more information.

Sage Simply Accounting also has multiple different options. Vist the online store for more information.

Contact Us

Contact Cheema CPA Professional Corporation for all your bookkeeping needs. We have bookkeepers who specialize in many different industries and can help you become more efficient.

 

Filing Past Due Tax Returns

Past Tax Returns

Filing Past Due Tax Returns

 Filing Past Due Tax Returns

Filing taxes can be an overwhelming task with numerous things to consider. If you have fallen behind on your returns it is very important to file the past due tax returns and update your records with the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). By filing taxes you become eligible for government credits such as GST/HST tax credit, Ontario Trillium Tax Credit (OTB), and Child Tax Benefits tax credit.

Failure to file tax returns on time can result in penalties and interest. Even if you are not able to pay the tax balance owing, you should still file your return to reduce the penalties and take advantage of the tax credits you qualify for.

If you are expecting a refund from the CRA it is even more critical to file your tax returns on time because the CRA does not pay interest until 30 days after the due date. Also the CRA can deny your income tax refund if you wait more than three years (CRA discretion to issue the refund if the return is filed within 0 years).

I have zero income should I still file a tax return? 

Even if you are not required to file a tax return, it might be beneficial to file a tax return because you could qualify for government credits. It is very important to file taxes every year even if you have zero income. Eligibility for certain benefits such as the GST/HST credit or the Child Tax Benefits is directly related to your income tax returns.

If I file past due returns, can I still receive the GST/HST tax credit? 

Yes, you will receive the GST/HST tax credit along with other credits you qualify for. You can retroactively qualify for the GST and OTB tax credits.

What is the late filing penalty? 

The late filing penalty is based on taxes owing for a particular year. For an example if you owe tax for 2014 and do not file your return for 2014 on time the CRA will charge you a 5% penalty on the balance owing. In additional the CRA will charge a 1% penalty on the balance owing for each full month your return is late, to a maximum of 12 months.

If the CRA charged a late-filing penalty on your return for 2011, 2012, or 2013 your late-filing penalty for 2014 may be 10% of your 2014 balance owing, plus 2% of your 2014 balance owing for each full month your return is late, to a maximum of 20 months.

Even if you cannot pay your full balance owing on or before April 30, 2015, you can avoid the late-filing penalty by filing your return on time.

Who should I contact if I have to file back taxes for multiple years? 

Contact our firm for all your income tax needs. We specialize in filings back taxes and reducing penalties and interest. We have several different strategies that we use to reduce penalties and interest, including the Voluntary Disclosure Program. We can  help you comply with the CRA reporting obligations and minimize your overall tax bill. Contact our firm and book an appointment with our accountant Mr. Sarb Cheema.

Income Splitting Family Tax Cut

 

Mississauga Accountant

Save Taxes

How the Family Tax Cut actually work?

The Canadian tax system taxes individuals and families based on there marginal tax rate. The more money you make the more tax you pay. As a result, when one person in a family has all the income, they end-up paying more tax than if the income was split amongst the couple. As an example, if the husband has $100,000 taxable income and the wife has zero taxable income, they would end up paying more tax than if they each had $50,000 taxable income. This is where the Income Splitting Family Tax Cut comes in and transfers part of the income to the lower income spouse.

The Family Tax Cut allows a spouse to transfer up to $50,000 of taxable income to a spouse in a lower income tax bracket, providing tax relief up to a maximum of $2,000. To qualify for this tax credit the both partners have to complete their tax return at the same time. This credit is effective for the 2014 tax year and subsequent tax years after.

Who can apply for the income splitting Family Tax Cut in 2014? 

  • You are a resident of Canada on December 31, 2014
  • You have an eligible spouse or common-law partner for 2014 and they have not claimed the Family Tax Cut;
  • You have a child who is under 18 at the end of 2014, who ordinarily lives with you throughout the year
  • You were not confined to a prison or similar institution for a period of at least 90 days during the year;
  • Neither you nor your eligible spouse became bankrupt in the year;
  • Neither you nor your eligible spouse elected to split eligible pension income in the year; and
  • Both you and your eligible spouse file an income tax and benefit return for the year.

 Can the credit be split?

The Family Tax Cut can not be split and has to be claimed by one spouse.

 How to apply?

The credit can be claimed on your T1 personal income tax return on Schedule 1-A and enter the calculated amount on line 423 of the Schedule 1.

Cheema CPA Professional Corporation
Contact Cheema Chartered Professional Accountants for your 2014 personal & corporate tax needs. We optimize every tax return and will automatically consider your family for the income splitting family tax cut credit. Book an appointment now using our web-app:

Personal Income Tax Returns–> We have expertise in preparing taxes for:

Individuals Executives Pension Income-Splitting
Families Employee Expenses Late filed returns
Self Employed Investment Income Investment portfolios
Rental Properties Capital Gains/Losses Non-Resident

Corporate Tax Returns–> We have expertise in preparing taxes for:

Corporation Tax Returns Accounting and Bookkeeping Late Filed Returns
Corporation Tax Planning Financial Statements  Sales Tax Returns (HST/GST/QST/PST)
Notice To Reader Reports Payroll filings (T4, T5) CRA Audit & Appeals
Have a Question?
Ask your tax questions on our online questions forum.

CRA sued for $32-million – result of multiple CRA audits

Canada Revenue Agency

Canada Revenue Agency sued for $32-million

CRA sued for $32-million – result of multiple CRA audits

Cardel Construction a real estate developer has initiated a lawsuit against the Canada Revenue Agency and is seeking $32 million in damages. CRA audited the books of Cardel and assessed $219-million in taxes, which equates to 150% of the corporate and personal income. The shareholders claim this to be a intimidation threat and have launched this lawsuit in return. Read more about the lawsuit directly on BNN.

Tax Preparer

Tax Preparer

Tax Preparer

  Preparing Your Tax Return

Preparing your tax return can be a complicated process with all the different tax credits available to taxpayers. Tax laws continuously change and it has made it difficult for tax payers to keep up with these changes. At our firm we continuously attend CRA seminars and tax conferences to enhance our knowledge. This has allows our firm to deliver direct quality to our valued clients. We have licensed tax prepares who will professionally prepare your tax returns. Our accounting firm is located in Brampton, Ontario and services clients from Oakville, Mississauga, and Toronto. Contact our firm for all your tax preparation needs. We go the extra mile and optimize all tax returns to ensure you get the maximum refund possible.

Download our 2014/2015 Personal Tax Checklist:

 

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Helpful Resources:

  • If you have decided not to use a tax preparer this year for your taxes you should definitely visit all about your tax return to help you prepare  your return accurately
  • Students: are you moving to attend school? Buying textbooks? Paying tuition or student loan interest? Paying for child care? You could be eligible for a tax refund! Read about what you can include in your tax return if you are a student or recent graduate.
  • Canada Revenue Agency’s My Account connects you to your personal tax and benefits information 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and allows you to check for your tax refund, check your Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) limit, track your GST/HST payments and change your address.

  Visit our Tax Centre for more helpful resources: 

Our Office Location:

Cheema & Associate CPA Professional Corporation is an accounting firm located in Brampton, Ontario at the main intersection of Kennedy Rd S and Clarence St. Our office address is 143 Clarence st. Suite 5, Brampton ON L6W 1T2.

Book An Appointment:

Book an appointment now using our online booking app.