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Tax implications of the 2016 budget

Tax implications of the 2016 budget

Tax implications of the 2016 budget

Tax implications of the 2016 budget

The 2016 federal budget included a number of measures that will impact Canadian taxpayers. Here are some of the tax aspects of the budget which will impact individuals and small business owners.

1. Reduction of middle-income tax bracket

The middle-class income tax bracket would be cut from 22% to 20.5%, starting this year. That means if your taxable income is between $45,282 and $90,563, you’ll pay less tax.

2. New High Net worth (HNW) tax bracket

The Liberals introduce a new 33% tax bracket for high net worth people who earn more than $200,000 each year.

3. Increasing the attention on tax evasion

The Liberals will invest $444.4 million over five years to help the Canada Revenue Agency ensure tax evasion is difficult. This money will go to hiring more tax auditors and specialists, developing robust business intelligence infrastructure, increasing verification activities and investigating criminal tax evaders.
The Liberals will also spend $351.6 million over the next five years to help the Canada Revenue Agency improve its ability to collect outstanding tax debts.

4. Closing tax loopholes for HNW

For those private corporation business owners, this Budget will close loopholes that allow them to use a life insurance policy to make distributions tax free.

5. Retirement age rolled-back to 65

The retirement age will stay at 65. This reverses the Conservatives’ decision to raise it to 67 beginning in 2023.

6. Low-income seniors get 10% more in GIS benefits

Starting in July 2016, low-income seniors who rely almost exclusively on Old Age Security and Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS) benefits can expect a 10% increase to their total maximum GIS benefits.

7. Introduction of the Canada Child Benefit

Starting in July, the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB) and Canada Child Care Benefit (CCTB) will be replaced with one non-taxable Canada Child Benefit (CCB).
Under the current system, families with one child and with annual earnings of $30,000 would receive $4,852, after tax, if their child was under age 6, or $3,916 if their child is aged 6 to 17.
Under the new Canada Child Benefit, these low-income families could see $6,400 per child under age 6 and up to $5,400 per child per year for children aged 6 to 17. As a result, most Canadian families will see an average increase in child benefits of almost $2,300 starting this year.

8. Increased Child Disability Benefits

An additional amount of up to $2,730 for each child who is eligible for the Disability Tax Credit will be added to the existing Child Disability Benefit.

9. Elimination of income splitting for couples with kids

The prior Conservative government’s introduction of the Family Tax Cut allowed couples to income split and save up to $2,000 in taxes each year. This income splitting for couples with children under age 18 will be eliminated.

10. Elimination of fitness or arts tax credit for kids

Currently, families can get a tax credit of $150 and $75 per child through Children’s Fitness and Arts Tax Credits (up to $1,000 and $500 in eligible expenses, respectively).
There will be a 50% reduction of the maximum eligible expenses for the Children’s Fitness and Arts Tax Credits in 2016, and a complete elimination of both credits by 2017.

11. Elimination of education and textbook tax credit

This Budget eliminates the Education and Textbook tax credits, effective Jan. 1, 2017.

12. Introduction of School Supply Tax Credit

Budget 2016 has introduced a new credit for the cost of educational supplies. The credit is available to teachers and early childhood educators who incur the cost of supplies for the purpose of teaching or otherwise enhancing students’ learning in the classroom or learning environment. This new credit will allow an employee who is an “eligible educator” to claim a 15% refundable tax credit based on up to $1,000 in expenditures made by the employee for “eligible supplies.”

Teachers will qualify as eligible educators if they hold a teacher’s certificate that is valid in the province or territory in which they are employed. Similarly, early childhood educators must hold a certificate or diploma in early childhood education.

13. Elimination of capital gains tax exemption on donations

Budget 2015 included a proposal to provide an income tax exemption on capital gains of donated private corporation shares or real estate beginning in 2017. To qualify, the cash proceeds from the disposition would need to be donated to a registered charity or other qualified done within 30 days. This is now eliminated in 2016 Budget.


Budget 2016: How budget could affect Canadian communities


What the Liberal budget means for high-income Canadians

 

How to setup a Sole Proprietorship in Ontario, Canada?

Sole-Proprietorship

Sole-Proprietorship

 How to setup a Sole Proprietorship in Ontario, Canada?

Sole proprietorship, also known as a proprietorship or a sole business, is a type of business that is owned and operated by a single individual. Other individuals do not participate or own the business. This is the most simplest form of operating a business.

A sole proprietorship is simple to setup, you can operate the business under your personal name. If you desire to use an operating name you are able to register a Master Business License and operate under an operating name. The requirements for setting up a sole proprietorship are outlined in the provincial legislation.

The shortfall with a proprietorship is that the sole proprietor is personally liable for the business. There is no legal separation between the business and its owner. This creates unlimited liability from creditors and other business debts.

Key Features of a Sole Proprietorship:

  •  You can establish a sole proprietorship easily and instantly
  • Inexpensive to setup
  • Income and expenses reported on your personal tax return
  • You can mix business and personal assets

What are the setup cost?
The setup costs are relatively low. To Register a Master Business License online the government fee is $60. There are additional fees for name search and enhanced business name search.

How is a sole proprietorship taxed?
A proprietorship is not a separate legal entity and is taxed based on the proprietors personal income. A separate tax return is not required. The income or losses of the proprietorship will be taxed at the applicable marginal rate of the individual. If the business is profitable this may put you in a higher tax bracket.

There is no need to obtain a CRA business number for a sole proprietorship. However, in certain circumstances you will be required to register a HST number. If you have employees you will be required to register a payroll number. All of which can be done over the phone by calling the CRA business line.

The income and expenses from the sole proprietorship can be reported on your T1 Personal Income Tax return on the T2125 Statement of Business Activities form. You will be required to keep all your receipts for income tax purposes.


 

 Our accounting firm is located in Mississauga and Brampton

We have offices in Mississauga and Brampton. Contact our firm to setup a sole proprietorship. We can help you understand the tax and accounting obligations of s a sole proprietorship.

CRA Audit & Objections

CRA Audit & Objections

CRA Audit & Objections

  CRA Audit & Objections

Challenge the CRA / Dealing with the CRA? Here’s what you need to know.

Every year the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) audits thousands of small and medium size businesses and issues notices of reassessments.  Many times the result of these reassessments requires these businesses to pay up to thousands and sometimes millions in tax, interest and penalties.

Is there a chance that these CRA reassessments can be wrong? Yes! It is absolutely critical that business owners are prepared to challenge incorrect reassessments. Handling reassessments improperly can have serious financial implications for your business.

Here are five things that you should be aware of when you receive the CRA’s notices of reassessment:

  1. The CRA isn’t always right. Notices of reassessments and tax disputes are not necessarily an indication that the taxpayer, or the accountant, has done something wrong. If you feel the CRA has it wrong, as a taxpayer you have the right to challenge the CRA’s interpretation and application of the facts and law to ensure you are not paying more than you have to.
  2. Act on time. You must file a notice of objection to dispute a notice of reassessment. Generally, you must file a notice of objection within 90-days of the date that the CRA mailed the notice of reassessment. If you do not deliver a proper notice of objection within the 90-day period, you may apply for an extension of time to object. The CRA will consider applications for an extension of time to object if the application meets all relevant conditions and if it is filed within one year of the 90-day period. However, the CRA may deny your application for an extension of time and, therefore, it important to file a proper notice of objection within the 90-day period.
  3. The onus is on you. The normal reassessment period is three years for individual taxpayers and four years for corporate taxpayers. If the CRA issues a notice of (re)assessment within the normal reassessment period, the onus is on you to prove that the assessment is wrong in fact and law. You should be prepared to present factual and legal support for your position that the reassessment is wrong. If the CRA issues a notice of reassessment outside the normal reassessment period, taxpayers should understand the impact of this shift in the burden of proof. This is an opportunity to take advantage of the shift and make strategic decisions.
  4. Know what you are talking about. In addition to knowledge of the relevant legislation, the tax dispute process is governed by the case law, rules of procedure, the onus of proof, the standard of proof and the rules of evidence. In our experience, the party with the greater understanding of the legislation, case law and rules often has a significant advantage.
  5. Contact the right people for help.Clients often struggle to research and retain the right tax accountant and tax lawyer. We recommend that clients take the time to understand their options and speak to competent tax professionals.

This is an example where the CRA made a mistake and resulted in Mr. Irvin Leroux losing millions of dollars.

It was a million-dollar mistake that turned in to a 13-year battle. A British Columbia man lost almost everything in a tax battle with the Canada Revenue Agency. The CRA admits they were wrong, but now refuses to repay his money. His original documents were shredded by the CRA auditor.

The judge found that the auditors owed Mr. Leroux a duty of care and that they breached it in the manner in which they imposed penalties. However, the judge concluded that she was unable to find a causative link between that breach and Mr. Leroux’s losses.

Mr. Leroux had a legitimate position to put forward in saying that if the assessments had been done correctly in the first place, he might have been able to handle all the other problems he had.

The full case can be found here.

Contact our firm Cheema CPA Professional Corporation for all your CRA review and audit needs. Our team of tax accountants and lawyers can professionally handle your file.

Small Business Accountant Mississauga Brampton Oakville

Small Business Accountant

Small Business Accountant Mississauga Brampton Oakville

 

We help businesses in Mississauga, Brampton, and Oakville 

We live in an ever changing global economy where the dynamics of business have been revolutionized by the internet. Small business owners face many new risks in this economy. This is why hiring an accountant for your small business is no longer about finding someone good at number crunching. The services provided by an accountant have changed vastly over the last 50 years. Business owners need services which are much more enhanced and cumbersome from their accountants.

Our firm understands the needs of small business owners in Mississauga, Brampton, and Oakville and we look below the surface to find solutions to your problems. We go above and beyond providing tax services to our clients, we improve financial health, reduce risk, and help increase overall profitability. We use our expertise and  help our clients stay competitive and ahead of the competition.

Some common questions that we receive from our small business clients include:

1. Can we contact you through out the year? How often should we be in touch?

Each business is different and each business owner is different. The number of meetings required with your accountant will depends on a lot of factors. Some business require more accountant involvement because of the reporting requirements or the sensitivity of the business. A small business needs to have open and frequent communication with its accountant. With our clients we use an open door policy and have  frequent communications throughout the year. We like to connect with our clients on a monthly basis to make sure all the questions and concerns have been addressed. With constant contact with our clients it helps us understand the clients’ business better which in turn helps us put together better cost cutting techniques.

We understand how frustrating it can be getting a hold of your accountant when you really need them. This is why we respond to business owner inquiries in a timely fashion. We understand delayed responses will have a direct impact on the business. We respond to emails and phone calls within the hour. We provide business owners with a direct line and the phone is answered by an accountant directly.

2. Can you help me grow my business?

We work closely with our clients and help small business owners expand and grow their businesses over time. By working closely with our clients we put in the right foundation from day one. We present unique financial strategies to minimize expenses and increase overall margins. From the initial consultation we identify key areas and help our small businesses owners focus on these areas to help grow their business.

3. When the CRA audits my books, can you help me?

The Canada Revenue Agency conducts periodical review and audits. The process can be frustrating, expensive, and time consuming. Handling a CRA audit or review correctly requires a lot of detail and expertise.  We stand behind our work and directly represent our clients, we become the face of your business and directly deal with the CRA. We have an in house Tax Lawyer who assists us in handling any CRA audit or review. We fully represent our clients giving them peace of mind.

4. What are the biggest tax mistakes small business owners make?

Small business owners have multiple roles in a business which leaves very little time to focus on accounting and administrative duties. This time constraint leads to poor record keeping.  To asses how your business is doing from month to month, it is vital to keep good records, which helps determine efficiency and profitability. Thorough and accurate records also helps prepare accurate tax returns. It is common that legitimate expenses get ignored because the business owner never documented them property. This is why it is very important to work with a competent accountant who can help you keep a good set of books. We can help you organize your books and maintain good set of accounting and financial records. We help our clients implement good accounting tools and software to record income and expenses.

 Small Business Accountant Mississauga Brampton Oakville

We have helped business and business owners all over Mississauga, Brampton, and Oakville with accounting and tax related inquires. Contact our firm directly for your business needs.

 
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Oakville Accountant
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